M.j. Hummel Plate Collection

M.j. Hummel Plate Collection

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M. J. HUMMEL 2nd ANNUAL PLATE -1972, HUMMEL 1974 IN BAS RELIEF(LOT)2 TOTAL..


M. J. HUMMEL 2nd ANNUAL PLATE -1972, HUMMEL 1974 IN BAS RELIEF(LOT)2 TOTAL..


$15.00


M J Hummel Goebel - Little Companions Danbury Mint Collector Plates 8


M J Hummel Goebel – Little Companions Danbury Mint Collector Plates 8″ Lot of 14


$70.00


M J Hummel Goebel - Little Companions Danbury Mint Collector Plates 8


M J Hummel Goebel – Little Companions Danbury Mint Collector Plates 8″ Lot of 12


$70.00


M. J. Hummel “Land In Sight” Limited Edition,Collector Plate, Danbury Mint, New


M. J. Hummel “Land In Sight” Limited Edition,Collector Plate, Danbury Mint, New


$15.99


Vintage Danbury Mint M J Hummel 1992 Little Musicians Collectors Plate


Vintage Danbury Mint M J Hummel 1992 Little Musicians Collectors Plate


$5.00


Vintage Danbury Mint M J Hummel 1992 Little Explorers Collectors Plate


Vintage Danbury Mint M J Hummel 1992 Little Explorers Collectors Plate


$5.00


1973 M.j. Hummel ANNUAL PLATE - Hum 266 - Goebel W. Germany 1973 - 3rd Edition


1973 M.j. Hummel ANNUAL PLATE – Hum 266 – Goebel W. Germany 1973 – 3rd Edition


$29.99


Spring Dance 1980 plate 2nd edition collectible M.J. Hummel FREE SHIPPING


Spring Dance 1980 plate 2nd edition collectible M.J. Hummel FREE SHIPPING


$19.99


  M.J.HUMMEL - GOEBEL 1971-1976 PORCELAIN COLLECTOR PLATES  HIGHLY COLLECTIBLE.


M.J.HUMMEL – GOEBEL 1971-1976 PORCELAIN COLLECTOR PLATES HIGHLY COLLECTIBLE.


$22.75


M.J. Hummel Stormy Weather plate collectible 1975 vintage FREE SHIPPING


M.J. Hummel Stormy Weather plate collectible 1975 vintage FREE SHIPPING


$19.99


Vintage 6 M.J. Hummel Plate Annual Collector Plates 1973, 74, 75, 76, 78 and 79


Vintage 6 M.J. Hummel Plate Annual Collector Plates 1973, 74, 75, 76, 78 and 79


$69.00


M.J Hummel Little Companions 8


M.J Hummel Little Companions 8″ Plate- “Surprise” – Danbury Mint


$1.99


Hummel Plate 1977 M.J.Hummel Goebel 7th Annual Plate #HUM270 HP


Hummel Plate 1977 M.J.Hummel Goebel 7th Annual Plate #HUM270 HP


$14.95


Vintage M.J. Hummel 1979 Annual Plate  #273 West Germany NOS


Vintage M.J. Hummel 1979 Annual Plate #273 West Germany NOS


$11.00


Vintage 1971 1972 M.J. Hummel Christmas Decorative Plate Lot Angel Boy Girl Rare


Vintage 1971 1972 M.J. Hummel Christmas Decorative Plate Lot Angel Boy Girl Rare


$24.95


M.J. Hummel


M.J. Hummel “Country Crossroads” Little Companions, Collector’s Plate, NIB


$30.00


M.J Hummel


M.J Hummel “Little Musicians” Collector Plate, COA, New, 1990


$20.00


M.J. Hummel


M.J. Hummel “Surprise” Little Companions, Collector’s Plate, NIB, No COA


$30.00


M.J. Hummel


M.J. Hummel “Private Parade” Little Companions, Collector’s Plate, NIB, No COA


$30.00


M.J. Hummel


M.J. Hummel “Come Back Soon” Little Companions, Collector’s Plate, NIB, COA


$30.00


M.J HUMMEL 8”Plate Lot of 4  Danbury Mint Limited Edition 


M.J HUMMEL 8”Plate Lot of 4  Danbury Mint Limited Edition 


$25.00


M.J Hummel Collector Plates Little Companions Lot of 3 Plates - Plate No. A9110


M.J Hummel Collector Plates Little Companions Lot of 3 Plates – Plate No. A9110


$29.99


1974 M.j. Hummel ANNUAL PLATE - Goebel W. Germany - 4th Edition


1974 M.j. Hummel ANNUAL PLATE – Goebel W. Germany – 4th Edition


$29.99


1975 M.j. Hummel ANNUAL PLATE - Goebel W. Germany - 5th Edition


1975 M.j. Hummel ANNUAL PLATE – Goebel W. Germany – 5th Edition


$29.99


M.J. HUMMEL PLATE - LITTLE CHAMPIONS COLLECTION -


M.J. HUMMEL PLATE – LITTLE CHAMPIONS COLLECTION – “BUDDING SCHOLARS”


$24.99


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection 1980


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection 1980


$25.00


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection 1979


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection 1979


$25.00


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection 1977


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection 1977


$25.00


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate 1976


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate 1976


$25.00


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection 1974


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection 1974


$25.00


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate 1972


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate 1972


$25.00


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection. 1971-1981. 11 Plates Total.


M.J. Hummel Annual Plate Collection. 1971-1981. 11 Plates Total.


$250.00


 M.J. HUMMEL, GOEBEL, 1975 ~ ~ ANNUAL PLATE IN BASE RELIEF


 M.J. HUMMEL, GOEBEL, 1975 ~ ~ ANNUAL PLATE IN BASE RELIEF


$19.99


 M.J. HUMMEL, GOEBEL, 1978 ~ ~ ANNUAL PLATE IN BASE RELIEF


 M.J. HUMMEL, GOEBEL, 1978 ~ ~ ANNUAL PLATE IN BASE RELIEF


$19.99


M.J. Hummel Plate 1976 6th Annual West Germany Hum 269


M.J. Hummel Plate 1976 6th Annual West Germany Hum 269


$19.99


1974 Goebel M J Hummel 4th Annual Plate


1974 Goebel M J Hummel 4th Annual Plate


$5.00


Danbury Mint M J Hummel “Apple Tree Boy And Girl” 8 Inch Plate-Little Companions


Danbury Mint M J Hummel “Apple Tree Boy And Girl” 8 Inch Plate-Little Companions


$5.00


M.J. Hummel Collector Plate


M.J. Hummel Collector Plate


$8.99


M.J. Hummel Collector Plate


M.J. Hummel Collector Plate


$8.99


Danbury Mint M.J. Hummel Little Companions Limited Edition Plates - Set of 8


Danbury Mint M.J. Hummel Little Companions Limited Edition Plates – Set of 8


$19.99


Counterfeit Currency

History

Example cruzeiros 50,000 counterfeit bills.

Counterfeiting is probably as old as money itself. Before the introduction of paper money, the most common method of counterfeiting involved mixing base metals to gold or silver. In addition, people that "shaving" the edges of a coin. This was known as "saturation." Although it is not counterfeit, exhibitors were able to use these chips to create counterfeit precious metals. A Thicket is an ancient type of counterfeit currency in which a metal core was coated with precious metals like their counterparts in solid metal. Leaders often very hard on the perpetrators of such acts. In 1162, Emperor Gaozong of Song had promulgated a decree to punish counterfeiting Huizer to death and to reward informers. The English couple Thomas Rogers and Anne were sentenced Oct. 15, 1690 "Crop 40 pieces of silver." Thomas Rogers was hanged, quartered, while Anne Rogers was burned alive. Extreme forms of punishment was due to acts of couples to be understood as a betrayal, rather than simple crime.

United States, counterfeiting was once the death penalty. Paper money printed by Benjamin Franklin often bore the phrase "counterfeit is death." The theory behind such harsh punishments was that they had the skills to counterfeit currency was considered a threat for state security and had to be removed – another explanation lies in the fact that the issue of money people could trust to both an economic imperative as well as the prerogative (if any) real – if the infringement is a crime against the state or even autonomy, and not against the person who received the fake money. Much happier was a former professional technology itself, active in the reign of Emperor Justinian. In Instead of being executed, when Alexander Barber was arrested, the emperor decided to use their talents government service. [Citation needed]

Modern counterfeiting begins with paper money. Nations have used counterfeiting as a means of war. The idea is to overflow the enemy's economy with fake tickets, so the real value of money collapsed. Great Britain did during the Revolutionary War to reduce the dollar Continental. Although this tactic was also employed during the U.S. war American Civil Confederation counterfeit currency was produced superior to reality. [Citation needed]

Instances

A 18 th century Pennsylvania Four Pound Note warns against the death penalty for counterfeiting

A form of counterfeiting is the production of documents Printers legitimate response to fraudulent instructions. An example of this is the ticket crisis Portuguese in 1925, when the British ticket printers Waterlow & Banco Sons of Portugal produces bonds amounting to 0.88% nominal gross domestic product within Portuguese, with the same serial numbers of tickets available, in response to a fraud committed by two Alves Reis. Similarly, in 1929, issuance of postage stamps celebrating the Millennium of Iceland's parliament, the Althing, was compromised by adding "1" in the print order, before the value of stamps authorized to be produced (see Postage stamps and postal history of Iceland.)

In 1926, a scandal involving the counterfeiting of high level were found in Hungary, when several people were arrested in the Netherlands to try to acquire 10 million dollars in counterfeit francs of 1,000 French francs, which took place in Hungary after 3 years, the operation state-sponsored industrial scale counterfeit eventually collapsed. The investigation League of Nations found reason to Hungary were to avenge their losses after the First World War and territorial (attributed to Georges Clemenceau) and use the profits from the counterfeiting business to boost a militarist ideology of the border-revisionist. Germany and Austria had an active role in the conspiracy, which requires special equipment. The quality of counterfeit notes was still poor, but because of the use of French exotic raw paper material imported from its colonies.

During WWII, the Nazis sought to implement a similar plan (Operation Bernhard) against the Allies. The Nazis took Jewish artists in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp and forced them to forge British pounds and U.S. dollars. Quality counterfeiting was very good, and it was almost impossible to distinguish between real and fake bills. The Germans could not not put his plan into action and were forced to dump the counterfeit bills into a lake. Most bills were not recovered until the end of 1950.

Today, some of the best counterfeits Superdollars are called because of its quality, and the resemblance to the real U.S. dollar. The source of Supernotes discussed with North Korea accused the U.S. authorities vocally. Recently, May 23, 2007, the government Swiss has raised doubts about the ability of North Korea to produce the "Superdollars." Bulgaria and Colombia are also important sources of counterfeit currency.

It has been the rapid growth of counterfeit banknotes and coins since the launch currency in 2002. In 2003, 551,287 counterfeit notes euro and 26,191 euro coins were removed from the container traffic in the EU. In 2004, French police had forged € 10 bills and 20 total about 1.8 million two laboratories and estimated that 145,000 tickets had already been circulated.

In the early years Century 21 the U.S. Secret Service has observed a significant reduction in the amount of fake U.S. currency, as counterfeiters turn their attention to the euro.

In 2006, the Pakistan government press printing in the city of Quetta was accused of producing large quantities of counterfeit Indian currency, The Times of India-based Central Bureau of Intelligence investigation. The notes are then smuggled rupees in India as "part of the order Day destabilize Pakistan (the) Indian economy through fake currency, "the newspaper said. The notes are 'supplied by the Government Press Pakistan (Quetta) free for counterfeiters based in Dubai, which in turn smuggled into India through various means, the report said. This money could have been used to finance terrorist activities in India. The recent Mumbai blasts were allegedly funded with fake currency printed in Pakistan. [Citation needed]

Effects Society

Some adverse effects that counterfeit money on society are:

Reduction in the value of real money

Rising prices (inflation) due to more money circulated in the economy – a unauthorized artificial increase in the money

Decrease in acceptability (Satisfactoriness) money – beneficiaries may request the electronic transfer of real money or payment in another currency (or even paying a precious metal like gold)

Companies are not reimbursed for counterfeits. This requires an increase in product prices

At the same time, in countries where paper money is a small fraction of the total money in circulation, the macroeconomic effects of counterfeiting of currency are not significant. Effects microeconomic, that confidence in the currency, however, can be significant.

The anti-counterfeiting

The anti-counterfeiting old $ 20 bill U.S.

A coin and a fake pound coin actual book very worn, the room on the left shows the clarity Surface poor, unlearned side reeds and uneven. The currency on the right shows the damage.

Traditionally, anti-counterfeiting involved, including small details with intaglio printing on bills which would allow non-experts to easily spot forgeries. On the banks coins, milled or coated fishing line (marked with parallel grooves) are used to show that none of the precious metals was scratched. This test detects the shaving or cutting (peeling) the edge of the room. However, it does not detect sweating, tremors or coins in a bag and collect the resulting powder. Since this technique removes a smaller amount is mainly used in parts more precious than gold. In the early paper money in Colonial North America, a creative medium to deter counterfeiters was to print the impression of a leaf in the bill. From the models available on a leaf were unique and complex, it was almost impossible to reproduce.

In the progress of the late twentieth century of information technology and photocopying licenses for people without sophisticated training easily copy currency. In response, national offices of engraving began to include new more sophisticated anti-counterfeiting beads, such as holograms, multicolored, devices such as integrated bands, micro text and ink colors that change depending on the angle of light, and use design features such as Eurion "constellation" which disables modern photocopiers. Software such as Adobe Photoshop have been modified by their manufacturers to obstruct manipulation of scanned images of bank notes. There are also patches for these measures.

For U.S. currency, milestones in the fight against counterfeiting are the following:

1996 Bill $ 100 gets a new design with a larger picture

1997 ticket $ 50 gets a new design with a large portrait

1998 Bill $ 20 gets a new design with a larger picture

2000 tickets $ 10 and $ 5 bill for a newly designed larger picture

2003 Bill $ 20 gets a new design without oval around the portrait of Andrew Jackson and colors

$ 2,004 50 has a new design without oval around the portrait of Ulysses S. Grants and several colors

2006 $ 10 bill receives a new design without oval surrounding Alexander Hamilton portrait and more colors

2008 $ 5 bill gets a new design without surrounding the oval portrait Abraham Lincoln more color

The Treasury has no plans to redesign the $ 5 bill using colors, but have recently changed its decision after learning some counterfeiters were bleaching the ink and invoices for printing and $ 100 bills. It is not known when the $ 100 will be redesigned in this format, but the new $ 10 (the design of what has been revealed at the end of 2005) put into circulation on March 2, 2006. Bill $ 1 and $ 2 is considered by most counterfeiters have by a very low value to counterfeiting, were therefore not changed as frequently as higher denominations.

In the 1980s against counterfeiting in the Republic of Ireland twice resulted to sudden changes in official documents: in November 1984, a postage stamp, also used in the card savings to pay for TV licenses and telephone, was invalidated and replaced by a design in a few days because of widespread counterfeiting. Later, 20 of the Central Bank Ireland B series of notes was rapidly replaced by the Finance Minister described as "privatization printing notes involuntary. "

In the 1990s, the portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong was placed on the banknotes of the People's Republic of China to combat counterfeiting as recognized better than the generic models on the renminbi notes.

In 1988, the Reserve Bank of Australia, the World's First Freedom long-term and counterfeit resistant polymer (plastic) banknotes with a special bicentennial issue $ 10 tickets, problems discovered in 1992 and directed a problem with any $ 5 bill is issued. In 1996 Australia became the first country to have a complete set of polymer banknotes outstanding. On May 3, 1999, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand began circulating polymer banknotes printed by Note Printing Australia Limited .. The technology developed is now used in 26 countries. Note Printing Australia is the printing of polymer notes from 18 countries.

The National Bank Switzerland has a number of bookings for the bill in Swiss francs, in the event of widespread counterfeiting were to take place.

Famous counterfeiters

Search erehis Arf-crown will not, has no basis in its coverage. "Blimy! Is not want! I knew I forgot somefink. "

Cartoon in Punch magazine 25 August 1920. A coin worth half a crown-eighth Session of the book.

Eric "Klippinge" V – The King Denmark (1259-1286). The nickname refers to the king of the currency band.

Frank William Abagnale Jr., – Worked on eight identities, including his first as Pan American Airlines Pilot Frank Williams, more than 5 years, more than 2.5 million bogus checks in over 26 countries and 50 states. He was arrested in France at a counter of Air France, where an agent recognized his face from of a search and was later extradited to Spain, then back to the United States. The 'if you can capture film was loosely based on his life.

Arnaout anatase – a British counterfeiter of more than $ 2.5 million in counterfeit money, sentenced in 2005

Abel Buell – disruption American colonialist happened to five-pound plate engraving notes the publication of the first map of the new United created by an American.

Mary Butterworth – a counterfeiter in colonial America

William Chaloner, – A successful British counterfeiter convicted Sir Isaac Newton and hanged and quartered March 23, 1699.

Alves dos Reis – In 1925, the end, Reis was able to introduce escudo banknotes of $ 1,007,963 in 1925, the exchange rate in the economy Portuguese, equivalent to 0.88% in Portugal, nominal GDP at the time.

Stephen Jory – Great Britain forger's most famous began his career by selling cheap perfume in designer bottles. He then established his own printing company illegal to produce and distribute 1-5000000000 pounds of counterfeit money throughout the United Kingdom.

"King" David Hartley – was the leader of the coin Cragg Valley 18 th century rural England. The production of gold coins, was finally captured and hanged at Tyburn, near York, April 28 1770 and buried in the village Heptonstall, W. Yorks His brother, Isaac, fled to the authorities and lived until 1815.

Catherine Murphy was convicted of beating in 1789 and was the last woman to suffer execution by burning in England.

Samuel C. Upham – the first counterfeiter known Confederate money during the Civil War. His activities began or became known in early July 1862.

Edward Mueller – Mister documented in 880, was without doubt the greatest forger in history unnoticed. For ten years or more who escaped government authorities, then it printed and sent fake $ 1 bills in his neighborhood in New York.

Wesley Weber – was sent to prison for counterfeiting of Canadian hundred-dollar bill.

Albert Talton – was sent to prison for forgery of the U.S. dollar one to one hundred and twenty-ticket U.S. dollar. Production over 7 million dollars of counterfeit U.S. currency using the standard ink jet printer. Convicted and sent to prison in May 2009

Arthur Williams – was sent to prison for falsifying the bill hundred U.S. dollars U.S.

Mike DeBardeleben – was sent to prison for falsification of twenty bill U.S. dollars U.S.

Art Money

A theme related to counterfeiting money is an art, an art that incorporates currency designs or themes. Some of these works of art are quite similar to actual bills that their legality is involved. If a counterfeit is made with the intent to deceive, art is not money – however, the law may or may not differentiate between both. See JSG Boggs, the American artist known for its hand-drawn, sided copies of banknotes of the United States through the nominal ticket.

See also

Counterfeiting

FBI

Money laundering

Against organized crime

Triad (underground businesses)

U.S. Secret Service

Currency detector

References

^ "The counterfeiting of U.S. currency. "p. 13. http://homepages.gac.edu/ ~ wolfe/J-term/money-2004/talks/nfarlee.ppt. Accessed on 12/06/2007.

^ "Counterfeit Money, which takes up?." William F Hummel Http: / /. Wfhummel.cnchost.com / counterfeiting.html Accessed on 12/06/2007 ..

^

^ Ab http://www.librarycompany.org/BFWriter/images/large/3.7.jpg

^ Malkin, men Lawrence "Krueger: The Secret Nazi Counterfeit land to the prisoners of Block 19 "(2006) ISBN 0-316-05700-2 ISBN 978-0-316005700-4

^ Pakistan printing currency forgery in India – Times of India in Forbes

^ "The counterfeiting of U.S. currency." p. 13. http://homepages.gac.edu/ ~ wolfe/J-term/money-2004/talks/nfarlee.ppt. Retrieved 06/12/2007.

^ "Counterfeit Money, who took the shot?." William F Hummel Http: / /. Wfhummel.cnchost.com / counterfeiting.html Retrieved 06/12/2007 ..

^ "Counterfeit" (PDF). Parliamentary Office for Science and Technology., United Kingdom. http://www.parliament.uk/post/pn077.pdf. Accessed 12/06/2007.

^ Photoshop and CDS

Powerhouse Museum ^

^ New Zealand Reserve Bank

Securency ^

Note Printing Australia ^

^ Http: / / www.dinepride.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=19993&sid=2f90dc0177a7a3de2f903bc9a843ddfc

^ Http: / / www.americanvision.org/osafarchive/april2005.asp

Categories: Counterfeit Money | Coin | Counterfeit Money | DeceptionHidden Categories: All texts without statements source | Items with statements without power in September 2008 | Articles with statements without power in August 2008 | Articles related February 2007 About the Author

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1 thought on “M.j. Hummel Plate Collection”

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